All legal claims have a statute of limitations, which is a prescribed period of time during which any lawsuit must be filed. If you have not filed a lawsuit before this time period expires, you have waived that legal claim. The statute of limitations in Florida varies, depending on the type of cases in question. Personal injury claims carry a four year statute of limitations, although cases arising out of medical malpractice must be filed within two years of the date of discovery of the claim. Some exceptions exist in cases involving minors, or in cases of fraud related to an injury, but in general, these are the time limits.